Special Environmental Committee
The application of the COP21 agreement.
The agreement acknowledges that $100 billion (in loans and donations) will need to be raised each year from 2020 to finance projects that enable countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change (rise in sea level, droughts, etc.) or reduce greenhouse gas emissions. One of the main principles of climate negotiations is that countries have common but differentiated responsibilities when it comes to climate change, depending on their wealth in particular. The agreement establishes an obligation for industrialized countries to fund climate finance for poor countries, while developing countries are invited to contribute on a voluntary basis.
Based on the COP21 agreement, delegates will discuss the responsibilities of different countries considering their societies, economics and cultures. They might want to examine the issue of enforcement methods of the agreement in the light of political developments since the agreement was signed, and also the funding by richer countries of environmental efforts by poorer ones. If delegates seem open to discussion, discuss other ambitions (stricter limits, CO2 taxation…).
Australia, Federative Republic of Brazil, Canada, People’s Republic of China, Kingdom of Denmark, United Kingdom of Great Britain and N. Ireland, Republic of India, Republic of Indonesia, Japan, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Federal Republic of Nigeria, Republic of South Africa.