Energy Transition

There are many reasons for countries all over the world to rethink their energy policies: global warming, destabilization of main energy suppliers, energy independence …

Therefore the world has to face a major change concerning Energy in the near future. It is up to you now to discuss the consequences of this development and try to find solutions satisfying the majority of the UN community.

In order to make it easier for you we will select for every council one major topic. As soon as we finish the selection you will find an abstract of each on this site, so that you can prepare the position paper.

The different committees and councils

Science and Technology Committee

Importance of International Electric Grids and Electricity Storage.

Countries are currently looking for cleaner energy sources. Sadly, renewable sources are rarely as efficient as fossil fuels, and less predictable. One of the better sources is sun power in the Sahara desert, presenting continuous and high outputs, almost no backlash from local populations to the use of the land, and a possible development of local economies.

To make this possible, the Desertec project was launched in 2003. Its objective is to connect the European and northern African power grids to get energy from the Sahara desert to the European market. It also plans the construction of the necessary plants in the desert, which has the potential to feed reliably European consumption.

Such a project needs a new level of international cooperation, as well as a stabilization of local security situations. Delegates will try to find a scenario and plan that would make this project possible, and will have to make European and African needs compatible. (Other countries currently in supranational agreements, and big energy consumers can be brought into the mix to discuss other possible grid projects and issues around them).

Countries concerned : Kingdom of Morocco, Republic of Turkey, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany, Kingdom of Spain, Kingdom of Sweden, Swiss Confederation

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Special Environmental Committee

The application of the COP21 agreement.

The agreement acknowledges that $100 billion (in loans and donations) will need to be raised each year from 2020 to finance projects that enable countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change (rise in sea level, droughts, etc.) or reduce greenhouse gas emissions. One of the main principles of climate negotiations is that countries have common but differentiated responsibilities when it comes to climate change, depending on their wealth in particular. The agreement establishes an obligation for industrialized countries to fund climate finance for poor countries, while developing countries are invited to contribute on a voluntary basis.

Based on the COP21 agreement, delegates will discuss the responsibilities of different countries considering their societies, economics and cultures. They might want to examine the issue of enforcement methods of the agreement in the light of political developments since the agreement was signed, and also the funding by richer countries of environmental efforts by poorer ones. If delegates seem open to discussion, discuss other ambitions (stricter limits, CO2 taxation…).

Countries concerned : Australia, Federative Republic of Brazil, Canada, People’s Republic of China, Kingdom of Denmark, United Kingdom of Great Britain and N. Ireland, Republic of India, Republic of Indonesia, Japan, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Federal Republic of Nigeria, Republic of South Africa.

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Human Rights Council

Acknowledgement of the right to a healthy environment.

A healthy environment is necessary for all human beings to fully enjoy their other natural rights and fulfil their potential. There seems to be a link between human rights and environmental protection. This has led many states to incorporate a right to a healthy environment in their constitutions.

Nevertheless, there is no mention of it in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and international law or agreements are therefore lacking in this area Delegates may consider debating some sort of recognition of this almost globally accepted right, and study the impact such a decision could have.

Countries concerned : Republic of Argentina, Republic of Italy, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Plurinational State of Bolivia, Republic of India, Arab Republic of Egypt

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Security Council

Allowing a bigger number of countries access to nuclear power as a “cleaner” energy source.

The development of nuclear energy,has brought the issue of preventing it from being used for military purposes to the forefront of the world’s concerns. Nuclear energy, when improperly used, can lead to radioactive release, as well as damage life, property and the environment. Likewise, crisis around nuclear energy can lead to international conflicts. The control of nuclear power plants and the development of nuclear power require coordinated action by all countries.

In this topic, delegates will discuss the restrictions concerning the use of nuclear power, the coordination between countries for its development and the treatment of nuclear waste.

Countries concerned : Plurinational State of Bolivia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Japan, Russian Federation, Republic of Senegal, United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and N. Ireland.

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Security Council

How can megacities in Latin America, Asia or Europe implement and encourage (strongly) public transportation.

With global cities swelling and car use soaring, how will megacities’ existing transport systems cope? What is the future of urban mobility? According to the OECD, by 2050 about 2.5 billion cars could be concentrated around cities. It’s enough to point out that China has not yet caught up with US levels of automobile ownership.
Meanwhile, the number of megacities is rapidly growing, starting with only three in 1975, up to 36 today and an estimated 41 by 2030. This is all the more worrying when we consider that 25% of greenhouse effect gases are emitted by our transports.

Delegates will seek together a solution that allies environmental concerns, commuting time, and economic restrictions. This should be agreed upon on a global scale so as to have a real effect on the world’s environment. They may look towards cities testing innovative and surprising means of transportation or services reducing the need for personal vehicles.

Countries concerned : Republic of Argentina, Australia, Federative Republic of Brazil, People’s Republic of China, Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, United Mexican States, United Kindom of Great Britain and N. Ireland.

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Political and Territorial Committee

South China Sea, Senkaku Islands and Pole territorial claims.

The race to find new energy sources and more natural resources comes from each country’s will to be independent in that aspect. This issue has permeated other thorny conflicts concerning territorial claims around the world, usually with oil deposits existing across the disputed zones and their allocation depending on the borders decided upon.

Some of this conflicts are the South China Sea dispute between a number of South East Asian countries, China and Japan’s tug-of-war for the Senkaku Islands (with Taiwan in the mix) and claims for control of the North Pole by various countries, with oil deposits, fishing rights and a possibly lucrative trade route at stake.

Delegates will be encouraged to find viable solution to these disputes that convince all the countries concerned or at least defuse the situation. They should take into account history, proximity, and each country’s needs.

Countries concerned : Canada, People’s Republic of China, Kingdom of Denmark, Republic of Indonesia, Russian Federation, Kingdom of Thailand, Republic of the Philippines, Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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